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Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Informal photograph of members of the 42nd Battalion, just out of the line, washing the mud off their gum boots. Identified, left to right: (standing along the brick wall) 16 Lance Corporal (L Cpl) James Frederick Buckley (wounded in action 31 July 1917 - returned to Australia for discharge on 8 April 1919); 313 L Cpl Robert Deckhardt (killed in action 12 October 1917); unidentified; possibly 3310 Private (Pte) Joseph Howard Hockings; others along the wall are unidentified. Standing in the foreground and washing their boots are: Sergeant Reid and 433 Pte David Miller (killed in action 31 July 1917).
Born James Friedrich on the 12th of March 1897 at Stapleton, Qld – son of Redfern BUCKLEY and Elizabeth Christina LAUFER, who married in Qld in 1892 Residents of Vernor, between Lowood and Fernvale, and later of Bundamba, near Ipswich Redfern, a Railway Ganger, died on the 26/4/1950, and Elizabeth died in 1958 Sibling (1): Elizabeth May b.1893 – marr W.E. BEDUHN Religion: Methodist Educated at the Fernvale State School, and on staff at Lowood State School Bank Clerk at the Lowood Bank of Queensland prior to enlisting Served 4 years in the Senior Cadets WW1: Enlisted on the 8/10/1915, age 18 years and 7 months, and embarked on the Borda 5/6/1916 as Private 16 with A Company of the 42nd Battalion, arriving at Southampton 23/7/1916 Proceeded overseas to France 25/11/1916 Promoted to Lance Corporal 13/7/1917 Struck in both eyes by shell fragments during an attack at Messines, Belgium 31/7/1917, and while making his way back also received a bullet wound to the right arm Admitted to the 83rd (Dublin) General Hospital at Boulogne 1/8/1917 where the remains of both eyes were removed Invalided to England 4/8/1917 and admitted to the 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth, where he received a false eye for the right socket, the left one being too badly damaged Transferred to St Dunstan’s Hostel for Blinded Soldiers 19/10/1917 – training in Shorthand and Typing Married Jessie LACEY on the 30th of May 1918 in the Parish Church, Chesham, Buckingham, England Jessie b.c1897 – daughter of John Dell Lacey (dec. Bootmaker) Children (2): May Joy b.1919 Qld – marr Geo Saml BARR 1938 Qld – sep 1947/div 1950 Returned to Australia on the Miltiades 21/12/1918 – 8/2/1919 Discharged from the AIF 8/4/1919 Arrived in Lowood by train with his wife, parents and sister on the 5/3/1919, and following a welcome home by the townsfolk, they were driven to the family home at Vernor James and Jessie with their young daughter Joy, returned to England in 1921 on the Ormonde, arriving in London on the 27/3/1921, with the intention of remaining for some time Whilst there, Jim re-entered St Dunstan’s Hostel from 1922 to 1923 to study massage The family returned to Australia in 1925, departing London on the Moldavia on the 13/3/1925 They at first resided in Bundamba on their return Resident at Long St, Graceville in 1926, and Jim was practising as a Masseur Resident of Brisbane Rd, Bundamba in 1931, 1943 (possibly with his parents) Jim divorced Jessie in 1932 on grounds of adultery, and obtained custody of the children President of the Ipswich branch of the Legacy Club (15 years) Secretary of the Blinded Soldiers’ Association of Qld President of the Blinded Soldiers’ Association of Qld for 10 years until his retirement in 1954 Member of the Bundamba Honour Stone Committee Remarried to Helen Mary PALMER (nee Butchart) on the 25th of November 1944 at St Paul’s Church, Ipswich [Born 1/11/1887 Qld – daughter of Charles Butchart and Helen Speed – married Loftus James PALMER 1913] The couple were living at 4A Roderick St, Ipswich in 1944, 1954; retired and living at Arthur St, Woody Point 1958, 1968 Helen died on the 18/12/1971, aged 84 Jim died on the 31st of March 1974 in Qld, aged 77 They are both interred at Mt Thompson Memorial Gardens The Daily Mail (Brisbane, Qld), Mon 25 Nov 1918 (p.4): NEWS FROM THE COUNTRY LOWOOD A public meeting was held in the Lowood School of Arts on Thursday evening to consider the best means of showing the town and district’s appreciation of the great sacrifice which Private James Buckley has been called upon to make in France. He is totally blind. Mr E.C. Nunn was voted to the chair, and Messrs W.J. Walters and J. Lawlor were elected joint secretaries. It was decided to elect a large committee to go into the matter further. The Brisbane Courier (Qld), Sat 25 Jan 1919 (p.7): COUNTRY TELEGRAMS LOWOOD, January 22 A successful concert and dance were held in Brande’s Hall, on Saturday evening, in aid of the “James Buckley Fund.” This fund was initiated for the purpose of rendering assistance to Private Buckley, who is totally blind, and is on his way back from the Front. An excellent concert programme was given by artists from Brisbane and Laidley. Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld), Fri 7 Mar 1919 (p.6): LOWOOD SOLDIERS RETURNED Our correspondent writes: – Lance-Corporal Buckley, late of the 42nd Battalion, A.I.F. (Australian Black Watch), who is totally blind, arrived home on Wednesday afternoon, accompanied by his wife, parents, and sister. They were met by members of the local branch of the Red Cross Society, members of the local repatriation committee, and a large crowd of townspeople. The school children, under the management of Mr W.H. Chappell, Misses Mulcare (2), and Master Sully, sang appropriate songs of welcome at the railway station and afterwards in Mr Brandes’ hall, where the guests were entertained at afternoon tea by the ladies of the Red Cross Society. On the arrival of the guest at the hall, the Misses Mulcare played “Home, Sweet Home,” on violin and piano, and, during the progress of the tea, Miss Jessy Sully gave two excellent recitations, and the Misses Mulcare and school children sang patriotic and popular songs. ………………………………………. Mr Chappell welcomed the hero on behalf of the Lowood State School, where Corporal Buckley had formerly held a position on the staff, and said “that the guest was the best scholar he ever had.” ….. Mr Hoffman, manager of the local bank, accorded a welcome from himself, on behalf of the Bank of Queensland. He also delivered a very kind message from the board of directors of the bank. Corporal Buckley was an employee of the bank prior to his enlistment, but under another manager, Mr F.G. Woodward, Ipswich. …………………………… All spoke feelingly of Corporal Buckley’s loss of eyesight, but also cheeringly, and congratulated him on account of having met and married such “a brave little wife.” ……………………………….. Miss Mulcare, who fastened a wristlet watch on Corporal Buckley, prior to his leaving for the war, and which was presented to him by the local patriotic committee, was asked, by Mr R. Buckley (father of the soldier) to remove same from his son’s wrist, as it was useless now to him, through being blind. He had worn it since he left Lowood up to the time he was wounded. Miss Mulcare complied with the request, amidst cheers. At the same time and place a welcome home was given to Pte P Kearns, 25th Battalion, attached to the A.V.C., brother of Mrs J. Sully, who returned to Brisbane from the front last week, and arrived at Lowood by the same train as Pte Buckley. Pte Kearns is blind in one eye, and has also been wounded ……………………………………… Mr W.J. Walters drove the Buckley family to their home at Vernor in his motor car. https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/120436033 Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld), Fri 14 Mar 1919 (p.6): Lowood Letter A kitchen tea in honour of Lance-Corpl. Jas. Buckley and his wife, who arrived home last week, was given by the committee of the Ladies’ Catholic Club, in Massey’s Hall, Lowood, on Saturday evening. There was a large attendance, presided over by Mr W. Lawlor. Dancing and games were indulged in till a late hour. ………………………… https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/120434053 Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld), Thur 20 Mar 1919 (p.6): Fernvale Letter Returned Soldier – Lance-Cpl. Buckley passed through here en route for Lowood a few days ago. A number of residents and scholars and teachers of our local State school assembled on the platform to welcome the hero. L-Cpl Buckley was for a number of years, a scholar at the local school. The Vernor station, his original place of abode, was decorated very prettily by Mrs J. Imhoff and others. The words, “Home, Sweet Home,” were conspicuous. Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld), Mon 24 Mar 1919 (p.2): Lowood Letter A hearty welcome home and presentation to Lance-Corporal Buckley and his wife was given by the friends and adherents of the Lowood Methodist Church on Wednesday evening. The church was packed to overflowing. …………………………………………………… The Rev. W.C. Kleindienst referred briefly to their guests, and presented them with a sea grass arm chair and table, also a set of Braille Books (consisting of nine volumes of the new Testament), beautifully bound. …………………………………….. https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/120435887 The Brisbane Courier (Qld), Tue 25 Nov 1919 (p.3): “JIM BUCKLEY FUND” LOWOOD, November 23 At a largely attended meeting of the committee of the “Jim Buckley, Our Blind Soldier, Fund” on Friday evening, Mr E.C. Nunn presiding, a letter was received from the Ipswich Repatriation Committee offering no objection to the canvassing of Ipswich and district for donations. It was decided that the ladies appointed by the sub-committee should canvass the city next week for donations and gifts in kind. ……………………….. Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld), Wed 10 Dec 1919 (p.6): Lowood Letter Jim Buckley Fund – A dance in aid of the fund, was held in Oldfield’s Hall on Saturday evening, and met with a good response. Miss E. Gillmeister was the accompanist, and Mr E. Stark carried out the duties of M.C. During the evening a box of chocolates was won by Mrs E.C. Nunn. The fund will benefit to the extent of about £10 as a result of the function. Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld), Thur 5 Feb 1920 (p.5): BENEFIT BAND RECITAL The attention of readers is directed to the forthcoming band recital, to be given in Queen’s Park next Sunday afternoon by the City Vice-Regal Band. The gross takings will be donated to the fund for the assistance of the blind soldier, Jim Buckley, who is a married man. The band will be assisted by the local branch of the R.S.S.I.L.A. The soldiers, headed by the band, will march from the Fountain at 2.30 p.m., to the park, where a special programme will be rendered. In view of the worthy nature of the object, it is hoped that there will be a very large attendance, and that the offerings will be liberal. Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld), Wed 25 Feb 1920 (p.4): ECHOES AND EPISODES A great deal has been heard from time to time of the efficacy of St Dunstan’s, as an institution whereat disabled soldiers are afforded an opportunity of securing training which enables them to overcome to a considerable degree, the disabilities caused through injury to the eyes. The accomplishments of Corp. Jim Buckley, the Lowood blind soldier, are an indication of the veracity of the statement that St Dunstan’s is an institution the value of which can hardly be estimated. Corp. Buckley’s ability as a typist is remarkable. In addition to and enviable speed, the accuracy of his work is equal to that of the most accomplished typists who have the added advantage of the power to see. As a phonographic exponent he is equally accomplished. His gratitude to the authorities of this wonderful institution is not unnaturally unbounded. Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld), Wed 14 Apr 1920 (p.3): Lowood Letter Social and Presentation – A social and presentation was held in Mrs Oldfield’s hall, on Saturday evening, in honour of Mr James Buckley (late Lance-Corporal, A.I.F.) who returned home totally blind. Mr E.C. Nunn occupied the chair. A short concert programme was submitted, each item being well received. Those who contributed were: …………………………………….. The chairman explained that it had been decided to show sympathy for Mr James Buckley (blind soldier), in a practical manner. He thanked all those who had contributed to the fund, which, he stated, was not yet closed. Mr S.D. Raff (treasurer) announced the names of contributors. Mr James Buckley was presented with the amount in hand, namely, £140. Mr W.H. Chappell (secretary) handed £2/2/ donated by the children attending the Lowood, Fernvale and Glamorganvale State Schools toward the cot fund for Mr and Mrs J. Buckley’s little daughter. Mr J. Buckley (who was heartily cheered) briefly returned thanks and said how very much he appreciated the kindness of the contributors. ………………………………………………………. https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/121904871 The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld), Thur 9 Dec 1920 (p.2): BRAILLE SHORTHAND Reference is made in Wednesday’s first edition to the valuable work of the “Queensland Braille Association,” not only in providing books for the blind to read, but also in teaching persons of average ability to write in the Braille system, so that they may assist in the work of transcribing books for the blind to read. Another branch of Braille writing was exemplified in a Brisbane office the other day, when a returned blind soldier (Mr James Buckley, late 42nd Battalion), by means of an ingenious machine “took down” in Braille shorthand, a letter which was dictated to him. Having checked the shorthand note, which had been impressed in dots and dashes by the machine on a tape, Mr Buckley subsequently on an ordinary typewriter machine, typed off copies of the letter in clear clean fashion with paragraphs and punctuations properly marked. The soldier in question was taught at St Dunstan’s Institution for Blind Soldiers in London. Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld), Tue 9 Jun 1925 (p.3): BUNDANBA DISTRICT Sunday Social Evening – On Friday evening the members of the Bundanba basket ball team and their friends paid a visit to the residence of Mr and Mrs Redfern Buckley. They were accompanied by Mr D.A. Gledson, M.L.A., President of the club, and Mrs Gledson. On arrival, Mr Gledson formally welcomed Mr Buckley, jun., and his wife to Bundanba. Mr Buckley is a returned soldier, and is totally blind. Mr Buckley, sen., on behalf of his son, thanked Mr Gledson for his kind welcome. Games and harmony were enjoyed, and refreshments were served, and Mr Gledson thanked Mr and Mrs Buckley for placing their residence at the disposal of the club. Mr Buckley, in responding, said he hoped to meet the members of the club again. Messrs Gladys Auld and Conie Hardie assisted at the piano with the musical items. Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld), RETURNED SOLDIERS – IPSWICH BRANCH – MONTHLY MEETING ……………………………………………….. The Chairman announced that Mr J.F. Buckley’s offer to give a lecture on St Dunstan’s Training College for Blind ex-Soldiers and Sailors on a date to be arranged by the executive had been accepted. …………………………………………… https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/117654255 Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld), Sat 10 Nov 1928 (p.10): PERSONAL Mr J.F. Buckley, the blind returned soldier masseur, accompanied by Mr H.N.C. Wyman, will leave by this morning’s mail train for Sydney, where they will meet Mrs Buckley and daughter, Joy, who are returning by the Moreton Bay from England. The Telegraph (Brisbane, Qld), Tue 8 Nov 1932 (p.2): £750 DAMAGES Blind Soldier Obtains Divorce – Misconduct Charge A blind returned soldier who was granted a decree nisi for the dissolution of his marriage on the ground of misconduct, was awarded £750 damages against the co-defendant in the Supreme Court before the Chief Justice (Sir James Blair). The plaintiff, James Frederick Buckley, of Bundamba, is a returned soldier and was totally bereft of his eyesight when a shell exploded near him during the war and splinters entered both eyes. He served in the 42nd Battalion. In his petition Buckley described himself as a masseur. He set out that he was married to the defendant, Jessie Buckley, at Chesham, Buckinghamshire, England, on May 30, 1918, and that they lived together at Chesham, Sherwood (Brisbane), Bundamba, Graceville, and Ipswich after the marriage. There were two children of the marriage. The petitioner alleged that on certain specified dates in November, 1931, the defendant committed adultery at 208 Boundary Street, Brisbane, and at the corner of Lutwyche Road and Legeyt Street, Windsor, with Edwin Turner Woodford, waggon builder, of Ipswich. He also alleged that the two had frequently committed adultery at places which were at present unknown to the plaintiff. The plaintiff sought a dissolution of the marriage and claimed £1,000 damages from Woodford. He also asked for custody of the children. A defence was entered by Mrs Buckley, in which she denied having committed adultery with Woodford. Co-defendant did not appear in the action. ACTION NOT DEFENDED When the case was called Mr Virgil L. Power (solicitor) informed his Honour that the defendant did not intend to defend the action but wished, in the event of the plaintiff being successful with his petition, to be heard on the question of access to the children. Mr B. Fahey (instructed by Messrs Delaney and King), who appeared for the plaintiff, said that he did not intend to oppose reasonable access. Mr Power then withdrew from court and Mr Fahey opened the case for the plaintiff. The jury returned after a brief retirement. They found that the defendant and the co-defendant had committed misconduct and awarded the plaintiff £750 damages against the co-defendant. Mr Fahey moved for a decree nisi for the dissolution of the marriage returnable in three months and entered judgement for £750 damages against the co-defendant. He also ordered the costs of the action, including all reserved costs, to be paid by the co-defendant. He directed that the children should remain in custody of the plaintiff and that terms of access be arranged. Truth (Brisbane, Qld), Sun 13 Nov 1932 (p.9): BLIND HUSBAND GETS DIVORCE …………………………………………………………………….. “The petitioner was legally married in England,” proceeded the judge. He met her before he went to the war. Both his eyes were destroyed; he lost his sight and married this lady after that happened. “Up till about 1926 he said they had a happy married life….. From September 11, 1931, she left his house altogether.” ……………………………………………………………. https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/206124534 The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld), Fri 15 Jul 1938 (p.2): Concluding The Story of Two Diggers £100 RAISED IN A FORTNIGHT [Photo] With a contribution of 13/ “Old Digger” completed the £100 which The Courier-Mail had set out to raise in order that the Blinded Soldiers’ Conference could be held in Brisbane. Thus “The Story of Two Diggers” is ended. One or two last-minute givers may write an epilogue – with a contribution of a pound or two to help the blinded men to extra comfort while in Brisbane. Especially to thank The Courier-Mail, on behalf of the Blinded Soldiers’ Association, Messrs J.F. Buckley and E. Evans called at The Courier-Mail last evening. “Entirely through your paper,” they said, “our dream has come true. We invited the blind soldiers to their annual conference here, and now The Courier-Mail has made it possible for our invitation to be carried out. “We are glad to find there are so many who do not forget that some men have never seen since they fought in the Great War.” https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/40997734 Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld), Tue 28 Nov 1944 (p.2): NEWS OF THE DAY BLIND DIGGER WEDS In St Paul’s Church on Saturday, in the presence of only close friends of the parties, the marriage was performed by Rev. H. Kestell Cornish, of Mr James Buckley, blind Digger of the last war, and Secretary of the Blinded Soldiers’ Association of Queensland, to Mrs H. Palmer, a well-known member of the Ipswich Women’s Auxiliary of the Returned Soldiers’ League. After the ceremony, the couple left for a seaside honeymoon. On their return they will make their home in Roderick-street, Ipswich. Mr Buckley is immediate past President of the Ipswich branch of the Legacy Club, from which a handsome present was received. He is also a member of the Bundamba Honour Stone Committee, which arranges the annual Anzac Day function. Sunday Mail (Brisbane, Qld), Sun 10 Jun 1945 (p.3): BLIND MAN CHATTED WITH DUKE Quiet, unassuming Jim Buckley, president of the Blinded Soldiers’ Association of Queensland, almost stole the show when the Duke of Gloucester was entertained by the Returned Soldiers’ League at Lennon’s last night. Despite the big crowd of prominent citizens, including Allied generals, the Duke interrupted his round of guests to chat with Jim for some time. They parted like old friends. Jim lost his sight in the last war. ……………………………………………….. Townsville Daily Bulletin (Qld), Sat 26 Jun 1948 (p.2): BLIND VETERANS’ WILL TO PREVAIL “Just two little pieces of shrapnel, one into each eye – as simple as that…” No finer expression of the indomitable will and courage shown in combating one of life’s greatest adversities could be found than these words, spoken by Mr J.F. Buckley, president of the Queensland Blinded Soldiers’ Association, when interviewed on Friday. On a holiday visit to North Queensland, Mr Buckley is one of that select group who, refusing to allow their spirit to be crushed by virtue of losing their sight in battle, have in many cases started their careers in a hard new world at St Dunstan’s training centre for blinded ex-servicemen in England; but most important, they have surmounted the supreme difficulty of reorientating themselves in the world at large. Mr Buckley is also actively associated with the work of Legacy, having been a past president of the Ipswich Legacy Club for 15 years. When the subject of his affliction was broached to Mr Buckley on Friday, he stated that it was on July 31, 1917, at Warneton, near Messines, in Belgium, that a shell exploded, a piece of shrapnel entering each of his eyes, necessitating their removal. Entering St Dunstan’s in the same year, he learned to read and write Braille – the alphabet of the blind – also Braille shorthand and typewriting. He passed out of the institution at the end of 1918. “I took up those subjects as a means to an end – I had been employed in a bank prior to enlistment,” said Mr Buckley. “However, I did not continue in the bank, and in 1922 I again entered St Dunstan’s and studied massage, leaving in 1923. Subsequently, I practised massage in Australia for many years.” Mr Buckley was appointed to his position as president of the Blinded Soldiers’ Association a few years ago. Its functions, he stated, were mostly of a social nature, to keep the blinded chaps together, and to foster the spirit of camaraderie between them. Apart from that, assistance was given to anyone needing it, financial or otherwise. The Association has 11 members in Queensland, two of them in the north – Mr Ted Hansen, a cattleman in the Georgetown district, and Mr J. Iwers, of Mackay. Another member, Warrant Officer Beattie, formerly of Malanda, who lost his sight while serving with the R.A.A.F. during a raid on the Dortmund-Ems Canal, will leave Melbourne on June 29 for England, on the Strathaird, to attend St Dunstan’s. In the capital city of each State, there is a War Blinded Welfare Committee, created within the framework of the Repatriation Department. Mr Buckley is the blinded soldiers’ representative on the Queensland committee of which Mr Fraser-East is chairman. The Blinded Soldiers’ Association is affiliated with the R.S.S.A.I.L.A. “There were no welfare committees for soldiers blinded in World War One,” continued Mr Buckley. “Most of them went through St Dunstan’s, then came home and reorientated themselves. They had nobody or nothing, but pushed themselves along by the sheer method of trial and error.” Nine of the 11 members of the Queensland Association are First World War veterans. The Association holds a meeting on the first Tuesday of each month. A distinguished member of the Association is Captain Blackmore of Brisbane, who, while serving with the Intelligence Corps against the Japanese, suffered dreadful injuries from the explosion of a booby trap. Part of his job was to examine any booby traps unearthed. On this particular occasion, the “suicide squad” had, to all appearances, deloused the weapon. However, there was apparently a secondary firing apparatus, and, when Captain Blackmore lifted the deadly object, it exploded, inflicting about 60 injuries in his body between the waist and the head, and destroying his sight. He lost the right arm up to the elbow, the middle and little fingers of the left hand, and the ring finger of his left hand is permanently straight. There remained only the index finger and thumb of the left hand. Despite such terrible handicaps, Captain Blackmore went to St Dunstan’s, to be trained in the Braille methods. His job before enlistment was with a Brisbane oil company. He returned to Australia in February this year, and has entered the business world, as an indent agent. During his stay in England he took advantage of the opportunity of securing several agencies. A corneal graft operation performed on Captain Blackmore in England by Dr Tudor-Thomas, one of the foremost eye specialists of the world, proved successful. Mr Buckley has been to Townsville previously on quite a number of occasions, but because of the war his last visit was more than six years ago. Since then, the Legacy Club has been established in Townsville, and he has acquainted himself with the organisation of Legacy in this district. Although the summer in the North is not so pleasant, he expressed his pleasure with being here during the winter months. He will return to Ipswich on Sunday night, after having spent three weeks in this city. Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld), Sat 15 Oct 1949 (p.2): PERSONAL Mr and Mrs Jim Buckley will leave by Skymaster tomorrow morning for Perth where Mr Buckley will represent the Blinded Soldiers’ Association of Queensland at a conference there. The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld), Thur 30 Jul 1953 (p.7): BLIND VETERANS LEARN OF NATURE WITH HANDS “You’re such an approachable sort of bloke,” blind War Veteran Jim Buckley, of Ipswich, told the Museum director (Mr George Mack) yesterday. He was explaining why he and other blind war veterans like to hear Mr Mack tell them about natural history. Seven of them yesterday, accompanied by relatives and a Repatriation Department education officer, “saw” a platypus, a penguin, an echidna, a mole, some owls, a whipbird, frilled lizards and snakes. Mr Mack passed specimens round the table and explained what they looked like and why, while his listeners ran their hands over them. To once keen-eyed bushman Bill Reid, of Enoggera, he gave some hints on how to keep his former pet golden kelpie preserved. Mr Reid skinned and stuffed his pet when it died. He rubs his hands over its golden hair several times a week to remind himself of it. For Charlie Chadwick, of Taringa, who asked how a penguin kept warm, Mr Mack had the answer: “It keeps warm with the layer of blubber under its skin.” Brisbane Telegraph (Qld), Tue 4 May 1954 (p.12): BLIND MAN RETIRES A man who lost his sight during the first World War retired today after 20 years as an officer of the Queensland Blinded Soldiers’ Association. He is Mr J. Buckley, 58, who for the past 10 years has been president of the association. Mr Buckley, who has been blind since he was 21, gave up his job as a masseur to fight for better opportunities for blind ex-servicemen. Much of his time has been spent slashing red tape with the Repatriation Department and War Service Homes authorities. When he relinquished office this morning at the annual meeting of the association, Mr Buckley received a presentation from his fellow members. His former secretary and “right hand man,” Mr E.R. Blackmore, was elected president, with Mr W.V. Reid, secretary and Mr J. Mason treasurer.