• Penelope Frater

Army / Flying Corps
  • Australian Army Nursing Service

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  • 1914–1915 Star
  • British War Medal
  • Victory Medal
  • Enlistment - WW1

    Cairo, Egypt

  • Birth

    Yarraman, NSW, Australia

Stories and comments
    • FRATER, Penelope – Matron, AANS
    • Posted by FrevFord, Wednesday, 18 January 2017

    Born on the 26th of January 1869 at the family property “Merrylong Park”, Yarraman, Liverpool Plains, NSW (reg. Murrurundi) – daughter of Alexander FRATER and Penelope HAY – who married in Scotland in 1851, before sailing to Australia The family moved from Yarraman in 1884, and settled in Narrabri, NSW Alexander, a Pastoralist and race horse owner (including Recovery and Highland Mary), died 24/3/1911 at Narrabri Penelope died 27/3/1917 Deep Creek, Narrabri, age 83 Siblings: John b.1851 – d.16/5/1928; Peter Hay b.1854 – d.24/8/1858, age 4; Elizabeth b.1855; Alexander b.1859; George Sidney b.1860 – d.30/7/1932; William Denne b.1862 – Boer War: Tpr 39163, Canadian Scouts – d.1929; Archibald Alexander b.1866; Mary Isabella b.1871 – marr Septimus FAULKNER 1904; Fergus Stewart b.1876 – Boer War: Tpr 26, NSW Citizen’s Bushmen (1900) / Tpr 39162 Canadian Scouts (1901) – Zulu Rising – marr 1912 – accidentally shot whilst lion hunting in Rhodesia in 1913 Commenced training as a Nurse at Sydney Hospital in 1891 where she remained until sailing for South Africa in 1900 – having suffered a bout of Enteric Fever in 1892 Served in the Boer War with Nellie Gould and Julia Johnston from Jan 1900 – Aug 1902 – attached to the 3rd and 6th British General Hospitals Remained nursing in Sth Africa after the war until 1907, at which time she returned to NSW. She then worked as a Nurse-in-charge of Junior Performers with J.C. Williamson Ltd, Sydney, until 1911. For 2 years prior to WW1 she conducted a Poultry Farm WW1: Joined the AANS, AIF 21/9/1914 – enlistment 18/10/1914 – embarkation 20/10/1914 Sailed as a Sister with the first convoy, embarking on HMAT A14 Euripides [with the 1st Infantry Brigade HQ] – disembarking Egypt In Jan 1915 she was treated at the NZ Hospital, Heliopolis, for a stye in the right eye Left Alexandria 3/9/1915 for duty on hospital ships and transports at the Dardanelles Returned to Egypt 20/1/1916 Embarked at Alexandria 26/3/1916 on Braemar Castle to join the BEF – disembarking Marseilles 4/4/1916, she was attached to 2nd Australian General Hospital (AGH) which was under canvas – during her time here she first contracted Rheumatism Detached from 2nd AGH, Marseilles 17/6/1916 and proceeded to Treport where she was attached for temporary duty at 3rd AGH 21/6/1916 Re-joined 2nd AGH at Wimereux 30/8/1916 Transferred to AIF HQ, London for duty 2/1/1917 Marched out from 2nd AGH to 3rd AGH 2/2/1917 Granted Leave 3/2/1917 for 2 weeks Promoted to Head Sister 1/3/1917 Embarked at Southampton on Londonderry 11/4/1917 to join the BEF, France – 3rd AGH, Abbeville Due to indifferent health and the death of her mother she was granted leave to return to Australia, and was transferred to England on the 2/12/1917 and attached to the 1st Australian Auxiliary Hospital (AAH), Harefield 4/12/1917 until embarking for transport duty on the A54 Runic 20/12/1917 Disembarking Melbourne 13/2/1918 she returned to Sydney for a month’s rest, being rundown after long service and lack of sleep Returning to Randwick Hospital at the end of her leave, she was still suffering from rheumatism, but not wanting to be discharged, applied for extended leave – she then took up duty at Georges Heights until returning overseas in October Embarked at Sydney on SS Malta 16/10/1918 for India – disembarking Bombay 14/11/1918 Posted to Deccan War Hospital, Poona 23/11/1918 Promoted to Matron 16/10/1918 Transferred to Station Hospital, Bangalore 12/4/1919 Leave 18/9/1919 for 1 month In the October a growth was discovered in her left breast Embarked at Bombay on Kashgar 9/11/1919 for RTA via Singapore – transshipped at Singapore 16/12/1919 to Mataram Discharged in Sydney 30/3/1920 From her return in 1920 she continued Poultry Farming at Oaklands, Princes Hwy, Sutherland, NSW Suffering from ill health she applied for a war pension in 1935, but she was diagnosed with Senile Myocarditis, not attributable to war service Died on the 12th of December 1939 at Sydney Hospital from breast cancer, age 70 Buried Woronora Cemetery, NSW The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW), Fri 7 Sept 1900 (p.2): N.S.W. ARMY NURSING RESERVE LETTER FROM THE LADY SUPERINTENDENT [Ellen Gould] The Premier, Sir William Lyne, is in receipt of the following letter: – “Kroonstad, August 7, 1900. To the Premier, Sir W.J. Lyne. Dear Sir, – Sister Johnston, Sister Newton, Sister Frater, Sister Steel, and I have been nursing for the past 10 weeks in the Dutch Church here. We came on up from Sterkstroom, near Stormberg Junction, where we worked 11 weeks. …………………………………………… We are expecting orders from Capetown to go on somewhere else to work. The churchful we had are all gone on somewhere. It was very dreadful at first, but as soon as ever the railway line was free the hospital equipment arrived and all was well. ……… Nearly all Australians going through hunt us up, and give us news of our own. Captain Creighton, a Queenslander, has been very kind to us. He is stationed here for the time being. The District Commissioner, Captain de Bertodano, also hailed at some time from Sydney. He has allowed us a much-prized privilege – the use of a boat occasionally on the river. The Sisters, when on night duty, found it a useful exercise. It helped to warm them after the terrible cold of the nights. A big church without any warming apparatus, even when full of fever patients, leaves you very numbed towards morning; I am trying to persuade them to be photographed in their get-up-long coats, Balaclava caps, mittens, and felt slippers over their usual shoes. ……………………………………….. http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/14334767 The North Western Courier (Narrabri, NSW), Thur 14 Dec 1939 (p.8): Death Notice FRATER – At Sydney Hospital, Sister Penelope Frater, daughter of the late Mr and Mrs Alexander Frater, of Deep Creek, Narrabri, and Sister of Mrs M.I. Faulkner, and Mr A.D. Frater, of Merihula, Narrabri. Notes: Testimonial to her father on leaving Yarraman 1884: http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/18931963 Info on her father 1908: http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/163231609

      • ResearchBuff
      • Friday, 18 June 2021

      A Sad Ending Penelope continued poultry farming at Miranda until 1939 when her weatherboard cottage, sheds and stock were destroyed by bush fire. With the support of Miranda RSL and the local community, a new house was built for her at Sutherland (https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/235586964; https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/235598740).