• John VC Carroll

Army / Flying Corps
  • 33rd Australian Infantry Battalion
  • 44th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Unknown
  • Lance-Corporal
  • Private

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  • Victoria Cross (VC)
  • Enlistment - WW1

    Perth WA, Australia

  • Birth

    Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Stories and comments
    • description of photo in Australian War Memorial.
    • Posted by helenpre, Thursday, 17 December 2015

    Port Melbourne, Vic. 1918. Australian Victoria Cross winners from World War 1 invited by the Prime Minister of Australia, The Honourable W. M. Hughes, to return home to assist in a recruiting campaign. The photograph was taken as the ship HMAT Medic was berthing. The identified men are, from the left; front row, 506 Sergeant R. R. Inwood, 10th Infantry Battalion; 4061 Sergeant S. R. McDougall, 48th Infantry Battalion; second row not identified; third row, 2060 Lieutenant J. J. Dwyer, 4th Machine Gun Company; 958 Lieutenant L. Keysor, 42nd Infantry Battalion; 1946 Lieutenant W. Ruthven, 22nd Infantry Battalion; back row, 114 Sergeant W. Peeler, 3rd Pioneer Battalion; 4195 Corporal T. J. B. Kenny, 2nd Infantry Battalion; 2902 Sergeant J. W. Whittle, 12th Infantry Battalion; 2389 Corporal J. C. Jensen, 50th Infantry Battalion; 1804 Private J. Carroll, 33rd Infantry Battalion.

    Australian War Memorial
    • CARROLL John Victoria Cross AWM
    • Posted by blackboycreek, Tuesday, 3 January 2017

    Studio portrait of Lance Corporal (L Cpl) John Carroll VC. L Cpl Carroll enlisted on 27 April 1916 and embarked as a Private (Pte) with the 44th Battalion, 2nd Reinforcements, aboard HMAT Militiades (A28) on 9 August. In late November he was transferred to the 33rd Battalion. In June 1917 the 3rd Division, under Major General John Monash, took part in the Battle of Messines. Then Pte Carroll was awarded the Victoria Cross (VC) for his actions during 7-11 June at St Yves (near Messines), Belgium. The recommendation for his award reads: For most conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. In the Battle of Messines Ridge on June 7th Private John CARROLL acted as a mopper-up. Immediately the barrage lifted he rushed the enemy's trench and bayoneted four Germans. He then noticed a comrade in difficulties with one of the enemy and he at once proceeded to his comrade's assistance and killed the German. He continued working ahead with grim determination and wonderful fearlessness, and came across a machine gun and team of four men in a shell hole; they offered resistance but single-handed he attacked the entire team, killed them all and captured the gun. Later two of his comrades were buried by a shell, and in spite of very heavy shelling and machine gun fire he extricated them. During the 96 hours the Battalion was in the line Pte Carroll displayed most wonderful courage and fearlessness. Each night he went out wiring in front of the new line and did excellent work. On two occasions he brought wounded men back to our line. His magnificent example inspired the whole battalion. He was invested with his VC at Buckingham Palace by King George V on 23 March 1918. Pte Carroll was promoted to L Cpl in September 1917 and was twice wounded following the action at Messines. He, along with nine other VC recipients, returned to Australia in August 1918.

    P02939-022
    • AWM and NAA records by Gary Parsons researcher 26th Bn.
    • Posted by blackboycreek, Tuesday, 3 January 2017

    Jack Carroll was born in Brisbane but grew up in Western Australia and worked around Kalgoorlie and nearby Karrawang. In 1916 he joined the AIF's 44th Battalion, but soon transferred to the 33rd. Messines was the battalion's first big action. Over the period of 7-10 June, during the battle at St Yves (near Messines), Carroll was outstanding: he rushed an enemy trench and killed four Germans; assisted a soldier in distress and killed another German; attacked a machine-gun team, killing three men and capturing the gun; then extracted comrades buried in a shell hole while under heavy fire. His citation declared: "his magnificent example of gallantry and devotion to duty inspired all ranks in his battalion". Carroll was a casual and happy-go-lucky man, known by his mates as "the wild Irishman". He was wounded a month later and again, severely this time, on 12 October 1917. Returned to Australia, he resumed work as a labourer and railwayman. In 1927 he had his foot amputated in a work accident. Carroll was awarded the Victoria Cross, war service medals, and coronation medals for King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II.