• Patrick Joseph Lynch

Army / Flying Corps
  • 54th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • 14th Brigade
  • Lance Corporal

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  • British War Medal
  • Victory Medal
  • Birth

    Bendigo, Victoria, Australia

  • Enlistment - WW1

    Dubbo, NSW, Australia

Stories and comments
    • LYNCH, Patrick Joseph (Joe), C.B.E.
    • Posted by FrevFord, Tuesday, 3 April 2018

    Joe was born in 1897 at Bendigo, Vic – the son of John LYNCH and Ann Elizabeth O’MARA / O’MEARA, who married in Vic in 1882 Ann died on the 20/1/1902 in Bendigo, aged 42 John, a retired Victorian Railways Engine Driver, died in April 1931 Resident 1916: 39 Thunder St, Bendigo Siblings (5): James Francis b.1885 Sandhurst; Kate b.1888 Kerang; *Michael Augustine b.1891 Swan Hill – Grocer – WW1: Pte 2860, 7th Bn – d.1974 Vic; *John O’Mara (Jack) b.1895 Bendigo – Railway Fireman – WW1: Pte 6629 (DCM), 7th Bn – d. Feb 1935 Vic; Thomas Vincent b.1900 Bendigo; Religion: Roman Catholic Footballer, Cricketer and all-round Athlete Served for 2 years in the Militia with the 67th Infantry Employed as a Station Labourer / Overseer at Cudal, NSW, prior to enlistment WW1: Enlisted 13/4/1916 at Dubbo, NSW, giving his age as 22 years and 8 months – he would have been turning 19 that year – and stated he was previously rejected from enlisting on account of a fracture of the right little toe Embarked in Sydney 7/10/1916 on the A40 Ceramic, as Private 2679 with the 6th Reinforcements of the 54th Battalion – and promoted to Acting Corporal for the voyage only Disembarked at Plymouth 21/11/1916 Admitted to hospital with Influenza at the 14th Training Battalion, Hurdcott 12/12/1916 and transferred to Fovant Military Hospital, Wiltshire 17/12/1916 to the 1/1/1917 Proceeded overseas to France on the SS Victoria 4/2/1917 and marched into the 5th A.D.B.D at Etaples Taken on strength of the 54th Battalion 8/2/1917 and appointed Lance Corporal 11/4/1917 At Bullecourt, France on the 15/5/1917 Joe received multiple wounds to the face, legs and right hand, when hit by a German hand grenade. His right thumb was blown off, and he sustained a lacerated wound from below the lower jaw across the right side of his chest. His right eye was destroyed and the left eye received 3 pieces of metal – the left eye being removed after panophthalmitis set in, leaving him totally blind (he was eventually fitted with artificial eyes). Joe was transferred through the hospital system to the 5th General Hospital, Rouen, 23/5/1917. He then embarked for England on the hospital ship St George 28/5/1917 and was admitted to the 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth 29/5/1917. Transferred to St Dunstan’s Hostel for Blinded Soldiers at Regents Park on the 30/10/1917, where he was trained in Poultry Farming and Basket Making Granted furlo from the 27/3/1918 to the 9/4/1918 Granted furlo again from the 26/6/1918 to the 17/7/1918 (possibly to marry – his change of NOK was noted from the 9/7/1918) Married Doris Evelyn MOORE at Marylebone, England in the April-June Qtr of 1918 Doris, born c1897, was the daughter of Henry and Matilda (nee Allen) – her address following the marriage was noted as “Patea,” Montefeore Rd, Hove, Brighton [According to a family member she was his nurse at St Dunstan’s (and her mother’s name was Amelia)] His furlo was extended 18/7/1918 to the 22/8/1918 Returned to Australia on the D21 Medic, embarking 24/8/1918 and disembarking in Sydney 9/10/1918 On his return home Joe took up Poultry Farming at High St, Kangaroo Flat, Bendigo, Vic 1919, 1921 Then at 65 Moonya Rd, Murrumbeena 1923, 1944 (nil occ) One of his birds won the Bendigo egg-laying contest in the Black Orpingtons section in 1924, having laid 316 eggs in a year, which was the best score of any bird in the competition Doris died at the their home in Murrumbeena on the 1/9/1944, aged 47, and was interred in the New Cheltenham Cemetery [7*129*N] Memberships etc: *Honorary Secretary of the Victorian Blinded Soldiers’ Association (since WW1) *Represented Australia at the Empire Congress of Blinded Soldiers in London in 1929 *Leader of the Murrumbeena A.N.A. Debating Team which won the A Grade competition in 1931 *Federal President of the Australian Blinded Soldiers’ Association 1932, 1953 *Awarded a C.B.E. in 1936 *Chief President of the Australian Natives Association (A.N.A.) (1946) and member of the Board of Directors (1948) *Grand President of the Disabled Soldiers’ Council of Australia (1953) *Represented the Australian blinded and disabled ex-servicemen at the Coronation in Westminster Abbey in 1953 *Member of the Blinded Soldiers’ Bowling Club – “they called him ‘Chuckles’ because he was so bright and happy” Re-married to Ellen Roma THOMSON (by 1949) Roma born 1907 Ararat, was the daughter of Frederick Pincheon THOMSON and Elizabeth Grace (nee Hamill) Child: Ian Still at Moonya Rd in 1949 Living 3 Vale St, Glen Iris by 1954, 1969 Joe died on the 3rd of February 1969 at the Repatriation General Hospital, Heidelberg, aged 71, and was interred with his first wife in the New Cheltenham Cemetery on the 6/2/1969 [7*129*N] Bendigonian (Bendigo, Vic), Thur 24 Oct 1918 (p.4): NEWS OF SOLDIERS Pte Joseph Lynch, son of Mr John Lynch, formerly of the Victorian Railways has returned from France. Pte Lynch is suffering from the worst of afflictions, viz., blindness. His two brothers are still in France. REPATRIATION 26th July 1920 (p.10): A BLIND SOLDIER POULTRY FARMER MR P.J. LYNCH, OF KANGAROO FLAT After weeks of hard times in the trenches in France against the series of attacks of the Hun, Mr P.J. Lynch, of Bendigo, was terribly injured – one thumb was torn away, his face badly cut, and both eyes so fearfully damaged that he lost them, writes the Bendigo Advertiser. But with all his war afflictions he has returned with a noble English bride, and is to-day a happy man as he works at his poultry farm, situated off High-street, Kangaroo Flat, a few chains from the Bendigo city boundary. The Repatriation Department has justly set him right with his home in order, his poultry pens erected, and stocks; on his poultry the Department spent close on £100. He has worked hard for the months he has been farming, and has commenced the 1920 breeding season with 90 picked Black Orpingtons and White Leghorns, and a determination to double his flock by April, 1921 – the commencement of the new laying season. While in London recovering from his injuries and the operations, he was able to study at St Dunstan’s School, founded in 1915, for the re-training of blinded soldiers. This hostel was at once a pronounced success, and has as its director Sir Arthur Pearson, the celebrated publisher, who lost his sight in 1913, and at the beginning of the war offered his services in helping blind soldiers. The whole of the work at this place in connexion with poultry is carried on by experts. The training takes place at St Dunstan’s itself, the theory being imparted by means of lectures, talks, and discussions, the practical side being catered for at the St Dunstan’s Home, which is conveniently situated to the hostel; and during the last week of a man’s training he is at a model poultry farm. The instruction commences with the classification of the breeds, the St Dunstanner being taught to distinguish the various breeds and varieties by the combs, wattles, weight, and the touch. In quite a short time he learns to tell the different breeds by feeling feathers of the bird, and by the same method he has to distinguish between the sexes. The next subject taken is feeding and the mixing of foods. The different varieties are placed in small tins, and each is handled in turn until the pupil is able to distinguish between all varieties by either touch or taste. When this is done he is taught how to mix his foods. Then the men are taken to the workshop and taught to make working models of chicken houses and their feed troughs. Instructions follow in breeding and in the rearing of chickens both by natural and artificial means. The blinded soldier is told how to look after the incubators with only the assistance of a sighted person to see to the burners and the thermometer. Amongst the many other points touched on are the care of the growing stock; the cure and the prevention of the various forms of disease to which fowls are subject; the marketing of eggs; and the preparation of the birds for the table. Gardening is also one of the subjects, as it is realized that it is necessary that the blind man must grow his own green feed. Scores of successes have been noted from St Dunstan’s poultry section, and the most pronounced in Northern Victoria is Mr Lynch. He goes about his work most enthusiastically, and certainly as a man who knows his work. While he finds the education at St Dunstan’s was beneficial, it has been apparent to him that things, mainly on account of the favourable climate, are very much different in Victoria, now that he is on his own place. He does everything with a method that might well be featured on the farms of sighted men. Close to the back door of the house are the Black Orpingtons, which are kept confined in the roomy pens because, while they are in these intensive-system pens, it is easier for Mr Lynch to work among them. Behind these pens are the White Leghorns and the special and smaller cockerel coops. And Mr Lynch knows all his birds, the pens they are in, their general condition; and he is determined that in this season’s breeding pens he shall have the best. He frequently handles his birds to find constitutional vigour and healthy conditions, and is over pleased when he feels that the comb and fare are warm and smooth, that the plumage is plentiful and not ruffled, and that on the breast-bone there is plenty of firm flesh and not fat. He is then satisfied that his birds are fit to be breeders. (Few other poultrymen in the north are so concerned with the appearance of their birds, and, of course, few there will be who will do better.) With his feeding he is equally careful, buying the best of foods in bulk, and feeding each bird with as much as she will eat readily, and making sure that no food is allowed to remain in the troughs to sour and cause ill-effects to the birds. He feeds his mash, containing plenty of green stuff that he grows on the place and cuts himself in the evenings, for he wants to make sure that the birds are fed the wholesome mash when their bodies are warm, and to give them the chance to go to roost contented. The grain is fed early in the mornings in the litter on the floor of the pens, and as a result the birds have the exercise early, and their bodies are tuned up all day. This method of feeding is hardly consistent with the work on other farms, but it is most profitable for Mr Lynch. He has worked out his feeding at 3d. per bird per week, and last week his birds gave a yield of 31 dozen eggs, and of his flock 12 are old birds not yet through the moult. These eggs are sold in Melbourne in a good market. The whole place is kept very clean and neat, showing that thrifty and painstaking people are at work. The visitor is always made welcome, for Mr Lynch has a winning and candid way, and Mr Lynch is a keen helpmate, on whose shoulders a lot rests, but like her husband, she is cheerful through it all, more especially as she is able to see how very healthy the birds are and how they are paying. It is the intention of Mr and Mrs Lynch to make the profits of the birds extend the farm, and to prove to the Repatriation Department that their confidence in them has not been misplaced, and to show to the doubting Thomases that poultry, when conducted on the right lines, can be made to pay. The Age (Melb, Vic), Sat 4 Aug 1923 (p.11): BENDIGO EGG-LAYING COMPETITION BENDIGO – The Bendigo egg-laying competition, winter test, for single-tested birds, closed this week. The highest scores were recorded in the Black Orpington section, in which the birds of P.J. Lynch, a blind poultry farmer, of Murrumbeena, and G.F. Farrer, of Healesville, tied for first place with 112 eggs in the section. The Australasian (Melb, Vic), Sat 5 Apr 1924 (p.19): BENDIGO The single test competition for a year has been completed. In the section for Black Orpingtons, the winning bird laid 316 eggs, which is the best score of any bird in the competition. The owner of the winning bird, Mr P.J. Lynch, formerly lived in Bendigo, but is now poultry farming at Murrumbeena. He is a returned soldier and lost the sight of both eyes while serving with the Australian Imperial Forces in Flanders. …………………………………… The Herald (Melb, Vic), Wed 15 Oct 1930 (p.6): Blind Orator It was pleasing at the grand final of the Suburban District Debating Competition at Malvern last night to hear Mr Joe Lynch, the blind Digger, opening with a rugged and picturesque eloquence for his side, the Murrumbeena A.N.A. He seemed to enjoy the injunction of one of the adjudicators that young speakers would do better to attempt to speak without notes! Mr Lynch is a natural orator. With practice he has developed powers of memorising unusual in ordinary men. The work of pundit is done for him by his team-mate, Mr Norman O’Brien, another Digger. Mr Lynch’s team won the debate and the competition. Last night they defended the constitutional status quo against an affirmation by the Glen Iris A.L.P. that it should be superseded by a union form of Government, abolishing the States. The Herald (Melb, Vic), Fri 10 Apr 1931 (p.5): PERSONAL Mr John Lynch has died at Bendigo, aged 75. Mr Lynch, who was a retired railways enginedriver, was born in a tent near the site of the present Bendigo Town Hall. One of Mr Lynch’s sons, Mr Joseph Lynch, represented Australia at the Blind Soldiers’ Executive conference in England last year. The Herald (Melb, Vic), Sat 12 Nov 1932 (p.5): BLINDED DIGGER’S PHILOSOPHY [photo] “It Can Be Overcome” It is 15 years since a shell-burst in the mud of Bullecourt blinded Pte P.J. Lynch, of the 54th Battalion, A.I.F., and this is his philosophy after all those years of darkness. “Since then I have always contended that the loss of eyesight by anyone should be merely a handicap that can be overcome in the battle of life by putting one’s mind to it. It is one handicap only, and should not be allowed to impair any more than the one physical sense. Even the loss of it sharpens the hearing and memory.” Mr Lynch is Federal president of the Blinded Soldiers’ Association, president of the Council of Disabled Soldiers, and secretary of his organisation in Victoria. Before the war he was a cricketer, footballer and athlete generally. He has now come to the front as a debater and platform speaker. Last year he led the Murrumbeena Australian Natives Association team which won the A grade competition conducted by the A.N.A. This year he is leading a team of blind soldier debaters in the Returned Soldiers’ League debating tourney. They will contest the final on Monday week. Mr Lynch has, in the last few years, been a member of the advisory committee which suggested how pension cuts could be made to inflict a minimum of hardship, and he represented Australia at the Empire Congress of Blinded Soldiers in London in 1929. He is a poultry fancier, and one year his birds won the Bendigo egg-laying contest. Last year he won fourth prize. https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/242993336 The Age (Melb, Vic), Thur 2 Jan 1936 (p.7): HONOR FOR BLINDED SOLDIER A Correction In the list of honors published in these columns yesterday, Senator Patrick Joseph Lynch was erroneously included amongst the recipients of the C.B.E. The actual recipient of the honor was Mr Patrick Joseph Lynch, of Melbourne, Federal president of the Blinded Soldiers’ Association, and secretary of the Victorian Blinded Soldiers’ Association. We regret the error. Since the war Mr Lynch has been prominently associated with the Returned Soldiers’ League, and has done a great deal of honorary work, particularly for his blind comrades and their dependents. The Australasian (Melb, Vic), Sat 4 Jan 1936 (p.9): New Years Honours C.B.E. Mr Patrick Joseph Lynch Australia’s representative at the first conference of the blinded soldiers of the British Empire in 1929 in London, and again at the conference in Melbourne in November 1934, Mr Patrick Joseph Lynch is Federal president of the Blinded Soldiers’ Association, and has been honorary secretary of the Victorian Blinded Soldiers’ Association since the war. Federal President of the Australian Blinded Soldiers’ Association 1936: http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/132034252 Shepparton Advertiser (Vic), Fri 28 Apr 1939 (p.3): ANZACS REVERENTLY REMEMBERED IMPRESSIVE SHEPPARTON CEREMONY ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… The address at the Lyric Theatre, perhaps the finest heard in Shepparton on Anzac Day, Mr L.J. Michel said, was given by Mr J. Lynch, president of the Blinded Soldiers’ Association, ………….. After introductory remarks, the singing of two hymns, and the Lord’s Prayer, Cr Pick introduced Mr J. Lynch, better known as “Joe” Lynch. He said that in 1914 the world was staggered when it heard that the great nations had decided to go to war. It was then that loyal blood surged through the veins of the people of Britain and her dominions, and people came from the playgrounds, from the shops and offices and factories, and out of the homes for the defence of Australia and the Empire. People were found leaving their dear ones to join the army and soon sailed to war. On April 25, 1915 it was heard that the name of Australia had been blazoned, in letters of blood right across the annals of the world. They had surpassed obstacles and scaled the heights of Gallipoli. THE AFTERMATH But, Mr Lynch said, softening his voice, a few days later the casualty lists of the Australian wounded and killed appeared. Australia was fired with the desire to avenge the deaths of those men. People met on Anzac Day not for the glorification of war, crying its name aloud from the rooftops, but by laying aside all work and pleasure for one day of the year, to pay reverent homage to the memory of those who gave their lives for their country. He confessed he had never quite understood the “Anzac Spirit” until he found its expression on a cross on an unnamed grave in the Villiers Brettoneux cemetery. The spirit is two fold, a special remembrance and commemoration and a true community spirit of comradeship. He had seen the war memorials in London, the beautiful Edinburgh monument and the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier beneath the Arc de Triomphe in Paris but still he was unable to catch the true meaning of the Anzac Spirit. He went to the battlefields, to Villiers Brettoneux and on this unnamed cross he had seen “Known only to God.” If people could grasp the true significance of that they would find the true meaning of the “Spirit of Anzac.” If the nation could by trusting in that spirit eliminate all sectional interests what great things could it accomplish. When those men who lay buried in those beautiful cemeteries of Salonica, Macedonia and France came before their Creator, he could say “Well Done, Thou Good and Faithful Servant.” THANKS TENDERED Mr R. West (Town Clerk) moved a sincere vote of thanks to Mr Lynch for his fine address. ………….. https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/187751159 Sunshine Advocate (Vic), Fri 12 Nov 1943 (p.3): LODGE NEWS ………………………………………. The Victorian A.N.A is in a particularly sound financial position, ………………………….. Four new members were elected to the board of directors, including Mr Joe Lynch, a returned soldier blinded in the last war, and one of the most outstanding debaters and personalities in Victoria with a photographic memory. Sporting Globe (Melb, Vic), Wed 23 Feb 1944 (p.3): THE TALK OF THE RACECOURSE If Joe Lynch, president of the Totally Blinded Soldiers’ Association, could pick winners on a racecourse as well as he can pick voices, he would be a millionaire in no time. He hears a voice once and records it with uncanny accuracy. Old friends will not reveal their identity to the blind Digger, forcing him to recognise them by their voices, and he never fails. Last Friday was Joe Lynch’s big day. He went from stall to stall around the streets of Melbourne to spend a few shillings with the many sportsmen helping the £50,000 appeal for the totally blinded men of this and the last war. As he neared the stalls he was heard to say “Ah, I can hear a few familiar voices here.” Different bookmakers greeted him, and were answered correctly. Any racegoer who feels that he would like to help Joe Lynch and his blind pals could gain favour with their womenfolk by booking a few seats for Gladys Moncrieff’s Katinka matinee for the totally blinded Diggers on March 9. The Argus (Melb, Vic), Sat 2 Sept 1944 (p.15): DEATHS LYNCH – On September 1, at her home, 65 Moonya road, Murrumbeena, Doris Evelyn, dearly loved and devoted wife of Patrick Joseph Lynch, president, Blinded Soldiers’ Association, and loved sister of Henry (England), aged 47 years. – Requiescat in pace. LYNCH – In loving memory of Mrs Doris E. Lynch, a dear and thoughtful friend. A tribute of love from the wives of the Blinded Soldiers. The Age (Melb, Vic), Wed 23 Jul 1947 (p.2): TRAINING AT ST DUNSTAN’S – Blind Soldiers PERTH, Tuesday – Australian war-blinded soldiers who are suitable and desirous of training at St Dunstan’s, London, should be given the opportunity of undergoing a course there. Mr P.J. Lynch, Federal president of the Blinded Soldiers’ Association of Australia, said this at Fremantle to-day. With his wife he is returning in the Stratheden to Melbourne after a visit to England, where he examined St Dunstan’s at the invitation of Sir Ian Fraser, the chairman of the executive council of the institution. Mr Lynch said St Dunstan’s now had a training establishment for the blind as perfect as anyone could desire. He had prepared a report on his visit for the Repatriation department, he added. 1947: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/205318912 1948: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/214581338 “Let’s Have More Australianism” – says JOE LYNCH, C.B.E. Blind Speaker’s Pertinent Talk To A.N.A. Members 1948: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/214581310 The Dandenong Journal (Vic), Wed 9 Nov 1949 (p.8): Blind Personality To Install Noble Park A.N.A. Officers [Photo] TOMORROW (Thursday night) Mr P.J. (Joe) Lynch, ex-Chief President of the A.N.A., and President of the Blinded Soldiers’ Association, will attend the meeting of the Noble Park A.N.A. to install office-bearers for the ensuing half-year. A brilliant speaker, Mr Lynch will also give a talk on topical matters – and when Joe Lynch talks, he’s well worth listening to. A special invitation is extended to returned men to come along and hear this fine soldier of the 1914-18 war. The Argus (Melb, Vic), Sat 11 Apr 1953 (p.6): U.K. TRIP [Photo] Mr P.J. Lynch (right), who will represent Australian blinded and disabled ex-servicemen at the Coronation in Westminster Abbey, receives a cheque for £1,000 from Mr R. Wingate (centre), Federal president of the Totally and Permanently Disabled Servicemen’s Association. The cheque was given on behalf of the Commonwealth Government. Mr Lynch and his wife (left), who received a bouquet at the farewell ceremony, will sail in the Orion on Thursday. Mr Lynch has been blind since he served in the First World War, but his wife will describe the ceremony to him. He is president of the Blinded Soldiers’ Association and grand-president of the Disabled Soldiers’ Council of Australia. Healesville Guardian (Lilydale, Vic), Fri 19 Feb 1954 (p.1): HEALESVILLE SUB-BRANCH R.S.L. Successful Annual Meeting ………………………………………………………………. Our first effort was entertaining the Blind bowlers at dinner on the day they played bowls at Healesville. It is always a privilege to meet Joe Lynch and his mates. It is a wonderful experience to spend a day with them, noting how close is their comradeship in living and enjoying life under what must be the greatest handicap of all, and our sub-branch is fortunate in having this opportunity to spend one day in their company. The Argus (Melb, Vic), Fri 4 Feb 1955 (p.2): ON THE SPOT By IAN JOHNSON ……………………………………………………………. Bill Johnston, Colin McDonald, Len Maddocks, and I had a drink with a few fellows in a compartment in the train coming back from Adelaide yesterday. There was nothing particularly unusual about that, but there was about three of the men. They were blind ex-servicemen who were returning from South Australia after having introduced the game of bowls to their fellow members in Adelaide. There was Joe Lynch, the association’s president for 23 years. He had lost a thumb as well as his eyes, and they called him “Chuckles” because he was so bright and happy. Foster McConnell, secretary for 20 years, they called “Noisy.” The shrapnel that blinded him also penetrated his larynx, and he spoke in whispers. Les Holt – he was known as “Wingie.” He had lost half an arm as well as his sight. They all laughed and joked, and talked of their sport with pride as well as pleasure. After we had left them the result of the Test match somehow didn’t seem quite so important. The Age (Vic), 5 Feb 1969 (p.21): DEATHS LYNCH – On 3rd February, 1969, at Repatriation General Hospital, Heidelberg, Patrick Joseph (Joe) Lynch, CBE, beloved husband of Roma Lynch, of 3 Vale Street, Glen Iris, and loved father of Ian. LYNCH, P.L. [sic] – On 3rd February, former president Victorian Blinded Soldiers’ Association. A great man who achieved much for blinded ex-servicemen. Sadly missed by members. Lest we forget. LYNCH Patrick Joe – A tribute of respect and affection from the members and wives of The Victorian Blinded Soldiers’ Bowling Club. LYNCH – In affectionate remembrance of Joe, esteemed friend and comrade for so many years of Bob and Blanche Archer. FUNERAL NOTICES LYNCH – Requiem Mass for the repose of the soul of Mr PATRICK JOSEPH (JOE) LYNCH, CBE, will be offered at St Michaels’ Church, High Street, Ashburton on THURSDAY (FEB 6th), at 10.30 a.m., after which the cortege will leave for the New Cheltenham Cemtery, Holloway Road, arriving approximately 11.35 a.m. Notes: 1918 brother Michael wounded – also mentions Joe and Jack: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/89096378 The article from the Repatriation magazine is repeated in: The Australasian (Perth, WA), Fri 17 Sept 1920 (p.2): http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/210243217 Mother’s Obit 1902: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/227554623 Death of brother Jack 1935: https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/11017246